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We send in secured roll insured for the value. It is written on the poster. Under the name of Laurin & Klement. Laurin & Klement redemption by 1991. Koda koda redemption by Volkswagen.Manufacture and sale of vehicles. Koda self india private limited. And E4T electronics for transportation. 27 860 employees in 2007. Koda car, usually appointed Skoda delivered.
In Czech, is an automobile manufacturer. Czech founded in 1895 as the Laurin & Klement and owned since 1991 by the German group Volkswagen ag.
If Skoda industrial group has existed since 1869, the automotive division appears only 50 years later, and it will take until 1926 to see the brand name on a production car. Born in 1839 in Bohemia. Is intended to make dingénieur studies, and will be trained for several years in Germany. Upon his return, he found a job in a small machinery factory, located in his hometown of Plze. He was then 26 years.
Three years later, lambitieux engineer decided to buy the company, and greatly délargir its armament production sectors, etc. Employees of the factory until his death in August 1900. During the first world war.The company will live production of military equipment and machine tools, locomotives and davions engines. The automotive division was created in 1919. For seven years, she survives on truck production. But at the end of the year 1924, the company bought the French manufacturer Hispano-Suiza. The license of its roadster. A few dozen dexemplaires will be built between 1926 and 1930. In 1925, Laurin & Klement Skoda bought, one of three major local manufacturers of the time, founded in 1895.
The factory of the latter, located in the small town of mlada boleslav. Therefore serve as headquarters for Škoda Auto. With the experience of Laurin & Klement, Škoda range is growing fast, and in 1936, the manufacturer Tatra ahead now. And praga on the Czech market. Before the war, Škoda has four models in its catalog: the popular.
The occupation, war and nationalization. In 1939, German army invaded Bohemia. Koda and is forced to manufacture military equipment for the occupier, in addition to a few cars a little more. Units will be assembled between 1940 and 1944. On 9 May 1945, the factory was bombed by the Luftwaffe.Causing the loss of almost all of the archives. Five months later, when the Soviet occupying the country, the government decided to nationalize more businesses than 500 employees, eliminating the passage any competition. And aero is obviously concerned. This is the beginning of 45 years of production dictated by the state. 1945 - 1960: the boom years.
First of Koda proposes that the old popular and rapid (not counting the 162 famous produced jusquen 1949 only for administrations). But the plant reacts and presents the new 1101. If its front is redrawn in lépoque style, this car is actually a popular ohv 1944 whose engine is 32 hp (against 30 previously).
The wagon variants, ambulance and convertible will be available. Two years later, a modernized 1102 is exhibited at paris. The convertible version will be tried by André Costa. In 1950 and sen draw with honors.Meanwhile, the Škoda engineers are responsible for designing a limousine dapparat, replacing the famous. This your (initials of \From 1951 to 1952 the factory of mlada boleslav.
Built nearly 2,100 Tatra t600. The Koprivnice manufacturer expands its plant to produce more trucks.
In March 1952 the old 1102. An average sedan curvaceous, developing 36 hp.
Available in break and van, it will be replaced by the end of 1955 a 1201. Near aesthetically but strong 45 hp. The sedan will disappear from the catalog in 1958, other bodies will survive him for three years.
The impact of communism is still felt when, in 1953, the Škoda plants are renamed Stalin to the workers' protests of that year. Workers at Skoda destroy, in an iconoclastic movement, portraits of Stalin. And the president Klement Gottwald.Which takes its name from its four-cylinder 40 hp. Claude Vogel, assayer lautomobile newspaper, measures a top speed of.
Where it lessaye in February 1958. He even described as \Its limited production, the priority given to export, and its still too high prices do not allow all the Czechoslovak sen offer. In 1957, the 445 hp version of Earn 5, and there is the appearance of the sympathetic convertible 450. In March 1959 Skoda unveiled in Geneva. Who once declined Felicia cabriolet.1960 - 1975: a young and dynamic range. Restyled several times, the Octavia. Win a successful export, and will be assembled in Antwerp. Production of the sedan continues in 1964 with the arrival of the new Škoda 1000 MB. But the break kombi continues jusquen 1971.
In total, koda has produced nearly a half million 440 and Octavia. Released in September 1964 and is distinguished from the Octavia. By its manufacturing technique: using more modern materials, it weighs.New, this car marks a turning point in the history of Škoda. Initially developing 42 hp, its rear engine win six in 1968.
Also the first Škoda to benefit from the new plant, which required 134 The intervention of foreign suppliers including Renault. Who provided the machines, from more than 15 countries.Counted in its ranks the MBX (a small cut of 52 hp), the mbg (one equipped with the same engine sedan), and MBT, that is more affordable. In 1969, visitors of Belgrade salon. Discover even a version Rally 65 hp.
1967 will bring a new engine. 52 and 53 hp are unveiled at the fair in Brno.
If the design changes, the technical basis névolue hardly the remaining engine at the rear. Dailleurs, factory output feast of. Koda equipped of a rear engine February 11, 1970.In September of the same year, koda presents the 110 st. A coupe derivative of the 110.
Soon to be a success in Europe to the west. Nicknamed sometimes \Ballast \Merely of a modest four-cylinder 62 hp, allowing him from reaching them. In 18.5 seconds and push up.Ends in 1976, and that of the 100. Which has not yet succeeded in the new range, will turn off only quen 1980 after being produced. 1975 - 1990: cars that are becoming obsolete. Koda, aware that the rear engine solution is exceeded, studying models with front engine since late 1960.
But the government refuses Czechoslovak daccorder sufficient budget to factory of mlada boleslav. And engineers must simply modernize the current process.It is in this context quest presented in 1976 the new Škoda kind 742. 46 hp and 120 hp 52 and 58.
At the time, the chrome bumpers is gradually replaced by plastic, and 105/120. Ny not escape from 1982.
In 1978 and in 1981, the range welcomes 120. Gl in the equipment more complete.
In 1982, the rapid cut (called guard on its national market) appeared. It takes the engine 120. Gls or the 1.2 58 bhp. At the start 1983 sedans have their redesigned front, but not cut. Two years later, the new 130.
The gl and arrive with a \If these models arrive late career, koda continues to evolve, and offers only in Germany. 64 ch (1988), both models are also broken down into cut.
Condemned by dune new compact engine before arrival, the favorit. These anachronistic cars séteignent slowly: the Go 105 in 1988, 120 in 1989 and the other versions in 1990. Ludgate Note that British limportateur roger manufactured convertible versions based on the rapid. Some 300 copies were created jusquen 1990. 1990 - 2000: the revolutionary favorit, and the purchase by Volkswagen.
In early 1980, Škoda manages to have Laval government for construction of \This is the issue for the Czechoslovak manufacturer, who will be able to modernize its range. In 1983, Skoda uses the design studio bertone.
For the lines of the car and in the office of study porsche. Who had previously collaborated with Soviet Lada. For the development of the FWD Samara.
The car is presented in September 1988 at the fair in Brno. If it takes the engine from the defunct 130.
The car is completely new for the rest: engine and front wheel drive, 5-door body, comfort and improved handling. Soon complemented by a station wagon and a pickup, the favorit. Koda will allow to significantly increase its sales to export.
In early 1990, while the sinstalle democracy in the country, factories are privatized. However, the development of the favorit. A emptied the coffers, and the health of the company is not good. Daoût the month, two potential buyers remain in contention: renault. This is finally lallemand who will win this arm wrestling, making koda the fourth mark of his group on April 16, 1991.
Now the future of the Czech manufacturer, who can tap into the vast bank of organs vw, is assured. First koda era of volkswagen. It uses the name of the little roadster 1959. Sil comes before all of a deep restyling of the favorit. The build quality is progressing.
Will be available in wagon version, pickup and van. Makes its appearance, it's a sedan. Its unbeatable price / equipment ensures the success of the second generation. Released in 2004 and rejuvenated in 2009. Since 2000, found growing success and creativity.Gives way to the fabia. Which shares its platform with the Volkswagen Polo. This year, French limportateur exceeds for the first time the milestone of 10,000 units sold, while its Belgian counterpart crosses. Serious, the Czech city was replaced in May 2007 by the fabia 2. To counter his image constantly associated with cheap cars, Skoda replica in 2001 by the great famous.
This road boasts interior space dune limo for the family dune price. Its status as \Does not go unnoticed thanks to its many safety equipment and safe dual opening \This system later bought by BMW. As will be the new darling of French taxis. In 2006, Škoda presents the playful koda roomster.
A sort of MPV in the Czech sauce, utility side and less. Absent from courted SUV segment.
Koda makes up in October 2009, when the yeti. Is an alternative to the leaders in the category, as are the volkswagen tiguan.
In 2011, Škoda Citigo city car reveals the twin of the Volkswagen up! Competitor of the Renault Twingo.
It will be available on the market in 2012. Even in bad shape in the late 1980s, sest Skoda straightened with support from Volkswagen.
And the future looks a little brighter for this manufacturer which every year beating its historical sales records. Koda is one of four brands of the group involved in the Volkswagen case. Linked to rigging of emissions testing. Directions at the environmental level. The term \It is present as an option on the model Citigo.The other models of the brand with a similar technology: the \Modifications included (not exhaustive). The information provided by the manufacturer are very incomplete ( \Specifically, we can deduce the following modifications. This system is to automatically stop the engine when the car stops p. In town for a red light, then restarting it when the driver presses the clutch pedal.  This system is very consumer of electricity and battery, the charging time is relatively long, does not have time to be recharged after three or four stops close together, the battery is flat. For this reason start-stop system is combined with a system of energy recovery during braking. When the vehicle brakes, kinetic energy is converted into electrical energy and stored in a supercapacitor, instead of being converted into heat in the brakes.
The energy stored in the supercapacitor will allow restarting after shutdown, which prevents battery drain too fast. The start-stop system would save 15% of fuel in town. On the road, this system can be assumed to provide a significant gain since the car does not stop. On the road, once the supercapacitor full, the excess energy could be used to charge the battery in the best case (so the alternator should turn less where fuel savings), or would be lost in the worst case. Tires with low rolling resistance.Several sources indicate that the increase in the tire width induce an increase in rolling resistance . And an increase in cx.  It is therefore likely that the rolling resistance difference is in the composition of the tire. This improves the aerodynamics (cx) of the vehicle of the order of 2.5%, if one interpolates carpent on data . The tire size change helps. Note: cx of the Citigo. Unlike the start-stop system, changes to reduce the vehicle cx essentially reduce consumption on the road, because it is the square of the speed. Improved cx also increases the top speed of the vehicle order. All these different devices weigh about.
The resulting increase in consumption less than 1% . Is largely compensated by other devices.Former koda Auto logo from 1999 to 2011. Current logo of Škoda Auto since. Koda 360 (1926 - 1927). Koda 4r (1928 - 1930). Koda 6r (1929 - 1930). Koda 422 (1929 - 1932).
Koda 430 (1929 - 1936). Koda 645 (1929 - 1936).
Koda 860 (1929 - 1932). Koda 633 (1931 - 1934). Koda 637 (1932 - 1935). Koda popular 420 (1933 - 1939). Koda popular ohv 1100 (1938-1946).Koda gt uvmv 1000 (1971). Koda Felicia Golden Prague (1998). Praga Like his compatriots, Tatra. And aero koda has sold the majority of its pre-war cars in its home market. But in 1946, importers open in Europe. As imported by Jacques poch. About this time, we begin to see koda in foreign exhibitions; Paris.
As of early 1950, the factory of mlada boleslav. Product versions with right hand drive for UK and Australian markets.
Between 1957 and 1961, a Los Angeles garage. Handles the distribution of Octavia. Felicia and the united states. A first for the \Designed to withstand harsh climates 1202 koda will be appreciated in Africa.
Turkish assembly plant ensures production between 1965 and 1972, and even markets a redesigned version until the end of the 1970s As for her, was imported into Pakistan. By haroon industries that appeals to the engineer Josef Velebný, working at koda, to design a utility called skopak assembled there from 1970.In 1966, the same Podravka realizes the demand for limportateur New Zealand where Octavia . Mb and 1000 are assembled since 1964 a small 4x4 recalling a land rover. The Trekka, which is also sold in Australia. In the 1970s, few buggies will be built on a basis koda like VF Belgian Francois Vernimmen dealer, the Italian kirby, and type 736 designed in 1972 by the center dapprentissage koda. In 1985, British limportateur (importing the 105, 120 and 130 under the name of Koda L'estelle) realize a convertible version based on the rapid cut. The owner of the latter can transform his car. Nearly a third of the purchase price of the Rapid 300 cars will be transformed jusquen 1990, some versions \Koda experiencing unprecedented growth in European markets: in France. Koda even fighting with Renault. In place of the first importer.
Finally, in the Czech Republic. The national manufacturer always reserves over a third of the market. Reluctant in the 1930s, eventually koda sengager in motorsport in the late 1940s, thanks to the 1101 and 1102.His first made weapons dates back to 1948, when three 1101 series tudor finish grouped the 24 hours of Francorchamps. After some positive tulips in the rally and rally Monte Carlo. Koda decided to develop a tray 1102 Sports reminiscent Tatraplan sport. Which will be particularly engaged in the 24 Hours of Le Mans 1950. A few years later, Skoda Octavia with recurrence. That shines particularly in Wartburg rally. Polski in the raid, and the Rally Monte Carlo. (In 1961, the Finnish and Keinanen Eklund won their category, and the first following the year reoffend, associated with fellow vainsila). These two monsters from reaching capable. Basis for the fabulous 130 rs, which will be made close to 200 copies between 1975 and 1980. Promising on its first outing on the Brno circuit.
The replacement for the 120s won many prestigious victories in numerous international rallies. From 1984 to 1988, the presence of the rally koda will be ensured by 130 Ir. Sil won some nice wins, that nasty cut 129 hp never naura palmares of its predecessor, the 130 rs. In world championship rallies, with better results for one. Arriving in 1995, the Felicia Kit Car.
Will stand following the year in particular, with a third place in class F2 World Championship rallies. In the struggle with the seat. Throughout the season, the koda unfortunately lost any chance of victory in the last rally. Of the 48 copies made, a few are still active.
Appeared in 1997, the Sardinia Rally. It will chain the seats of honor jusquen 2003 but never really shine. So happens in mid-2003 the world championship Rally. If the first two seasons were disappointing, official horse stable of Red Bull Skoda drivers show more satisfactory results thereafter, including Catalonia Rally.2006, and from Germany rally. In 2009, Skoda commits a s2000 fabia. With drivers Czech Jan Kopecky, including winner of barum rally and Asturias in 2009, and the rally of canaries in 2010, and the Finnish juho Hänninen, winner of Rally Russia in 2009 and Argentina of rallies. In 2010, the French Nicolas vouilloz. The item \The seller is \This article can be shipped worldwide.